Besalú Historic Town
In the Garrotxa region and declared a National Historic-Artistic Site for its architectural value.
This town has, in the mediaeval narrow streets that make up its urban layout, diverse examples of the co-existence between the Jewish community that had settled in the area at the beginning of the Middle Ages and the Christian population. Samples of this are the churches of Sant Pere, Sant Vicenç, Santa Maria
and Sant Martí,
which are set in harmony with remains of Jewish culture, such as the miqwé
, or Jewish baths, and the traditional structure of the streets of the call or Jewry
Sant Pere church.
Besalú started to gain importance as the independent capital of the region in 902, after the death of Guifre el Pelos, (Wilfred the Hairy), but lost this status years later, when it became part of the House of Barcelona.
Worthy of a visit are the magnificent mediaeval bridge
which communicates the town with the exterior, as well as the arches
, the Royal Curia
, the hospital of Sant Julià
, the palace of Sant Romà
, Calle Tallaferro
and the magnificent Plaça de la Llibertat
, amongst other places, which give rise to a mediaeval atmosphere.